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Climate Change and Nations’ Responsibility - Si-won Park and Tae-hyun Park
  • 2018-12-17
  • 673
Below is the summary of the abstract of the academic journal co-written by Si-won Park, Director of Center for Climate Change Law of People for Earth and Tae-hyun Park, Director of Academic Society on Earth Jurisprudence of People for Earth. 

〈Summary of Abstract〉 

2015 is an important year in the global climate change regime. The Kyoto Protocol under the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, which has provided international order, will be completed in 2020 and at the end of the year, the Paris General Assembly (COP21 - 2015 United Nations Climate Change Conference to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) decided to conclude a new international order after the Kyoto Protocol. At the transitional period before the end of the first treaty of the Kyoto and the beginning of the emergence of a new international order, each country has set a bottom-up voluntary greenhouse gas reduction target that reflects their own situation. Against this backdrop, the Netherlands filed a lawsuit against the appropriateness of the medium-term reduction target, and recent litigation results from the district court were announced. It was a lawsuit asking the court to determine that the nation’s obligation was not fulfilled dealing with climate change as the Netherlands government's 2020 mid-term greenhouse gas reduction target is below international level. In June 2015, the court acknowledged that the country had a duty to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, given the serious negative effects that climate change would have. This ruling is meaningful in many ways. It is the first case in Europe that the government’s climate change policy is not appropriate and the first case in Europe to judge the government's actions on climate change based on human rights laws. After this case, in addition to the national responsibility under international law, the Dutch government has a separate domestic duty to its people which brings many other countries’ attention.  

Key words: greenhouse gas reduction target, the Netherlands climate change lawsuit, country responsibility on climate change, climate change and human rights 

The article is available only in Korean.